Nickel & Hydrogen
Initially, LENR experiments were conducted using Palladium and deuterium/tritium, a form of heavy water occurring naturally in parts of the ocean and having 2 or 3 times more hydrogen than normal water. These reactants were expensive and not that easy to acquire. The same science can occur, however, with other metals close to Palladium on the Periodic Table, the best of which is currently Nickel, which is cheap and abundant.
Iron can also be used but the science has to be worked out first. Both nickel and Palladium act as metal sponges for hydrogen just like a normal sponge does to water.
A combination of heat (beyond the Debye temperature) and pressure are applied to load the hydrogen into nickel and, in the presence of a catalyst, excess heat is produced. For best results, the exposed surface area of nickel on which the reaction occurs (known as the NAE or Nuclear Active Environment) has to be maximized and this is achieved by crushing the nickel into a fine powder.
LENR involves the transmutation of one element into another, e.g., the conversion of Nickel to Copper, Platinum to Gold, Iron to Cobalt, Palladium to Silver, etc. This only occurs in a nuclear reaction.
It is a widely known phenomenon that certain species of bacteria known as microbial transmutators such as E Coli, are capable of performing this same kind of transmutation. Hence the idea that LENR has been occurring under our feet for millennia and we just didn’t know it. Scientists believe this process could be duplicated in laboratories, possibly leading to biological LENR.
The below resources can be used for further Study on this topic:
Biological Transmutations by C. Lewis Kervan
Successful Experiments On Utilization Of High-Activity Nuclear Waste In The Process Of Transmutation In Growing Associations Of Microbiological Cultures by V.I. Vysotskii.
About Biological LENR you should also look for the review of JP Biberian.
He is a supporter of that possibility.
I’m not much convinced, but it need to be studied, at least to clean doubts.
about more general LENr science, best is probably the book of Ed Storms “Student Guide to cold fusion”
for others resource, there are links in that article
and especially Excess Heat by Charles Beaudette.
JP Biberian seems to write most of his stuff in French, but i’ll continue searching. Why are you not convinced when it is abundantly clear that science is based on nature? Most of the technology we use today is based on what’s already been happening in nature since time immemorial.
Evidence of transmutation in biological systems is difficult because isotopic shift can be caused by enrichment and complex chemical segregation.
unlike mainstream I judge it deserve more research.
unlike some supporters I’m just doubting, not yet convinced… it can change…
cold fusion is hydride is not a subject of rational doubt, given the pile of evidences…